Personality and all-cause mortality: individual-participant meta-analysis of 3,947 deaths in 76,150 adults.

TitlePersonality and all-cause mortality: individual-participant meta-analysis of 3,947 deaths in 76,150 adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsJokela, M, G Batty, D, Nyberg, ST, Virtanen, M, Nabi, H, Singh-Manoux, A, Kivimaki, M
JournalAm J Epidemiol
Volume178
Issue5
Pagination667-75
Date Published2013 Sep 01
ISSN Number1476-6256
KeywordsAge Factors, Anxiety Disorders, Cohort Studies, Extraversion (Psychology), Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Neuroticism, Personality, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic factors
Abstract

<p>Personality may influence the risk of death, but the evidence remains inconsistent. We examined associations between personality traits of the five-factor model (extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience) and the risk of death from all causes through individual-participant meta-analysis of 76,150 participants from 7 cohorts (the British Household Panel Survey, 2006-2009; the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, 2005-2010; the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, 2006-2010; the US Health and Retirement Study, 2006-2010; the Midlife in the United States Study, 1995-2004; and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study's graduate and sibling samples, 1993-2009). During 444,770 person-years at risk, 3,947 participants (54.4% women) died (mean age at baseline = 50.9 years; mean follow-up = 5.9 years). Only low conscientiousness-reflecting low persistence, poor self-control, and lack of long-term planning-was associated with elevated mortality risk when taking into account age, sex, ethnicity/nationality, and all 5 personality traits. Individuals in the lowest tertile of conscientiousness had a 1.4 times higher risk of death (hazard ratio = 1.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.18, 1.58) compared with individuals in the top 2 tertiles. This association remained after further adjustment for health behaviors, marital status, and education. In conclusion, of the higher-order personality traits measured by the five-factor model, only conscientiousness appears to be related to mortality risk across populations. </p>

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URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23911610
DOI10.1093/aje/kwt170
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23911610?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

Meta-analysis/Mortality/Personality/Personality/Psychology/Survival analysis/cross-national comparison/Death

Endnote ID

69154

Alternate JournalAm. J. Epidemiol.
Citation Key7860
PubMed ID23911610
PubMed Central IDPMC3755650
Grant ListRG/13/2/30098 / / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
R01 HL036310 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K013351 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
R01 AG034454 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
MR/K026992/1 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01AG034454 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01HL036310 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States