Disability Shocks Near Retirement Age and Financial Well-Being

TitleDisability Shocks Near Retirement Age and Financial Well-Being
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDushi, I, Rupp, K
JournalSocial security bulletin
KeywordsEmployment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Income, Medicare/Medicaid/Health Insurance, Net Worth and Assets, Public Policy, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction

Using Health and Retirement Study data, the authors examine three groups of adults aged 51 56 in 1992 with different disability experiences over the following 8 years. Our analysis reveals three major findings. First, people who started and stayed nondisabled experienced stable financial security, with substantial improvement in household wealth despite substantial labor force withdrawal. Second, people who started as nondisabled but suffered a disability shock experienced a substantial increase in poverty rates and a sharp decline in median incomes. Average earnings loss was the greatest for that group, with public and private benefits replacing less than half of the loss, whereas the reduction in private health insurance coverage was more than alleviated by the increase in public health insurance coverage. Third, people who started and stayed disabled were behind at the baseline and have fallen further behind on most measures. An important exception is substantial improvement in health insurance coverage because of public safety nets.

Endnote Keywords

Disability shock/Health status/Health insurance/Poverty rate/Financial well-being/Near-retirement age/safety net/labor Force Participation

Endnote ID


Citation Key7886