|Perceived neighborhood social cohesion and stroke
|Year of Publication
|Kim, ES, Park, N, Peterson, C
|Social Science and Medicine
|Demographics, Health Conditions and Status, Healthcare, Public Policy
Research in the last three decades has shown that negative neighborhood factors such as neighborhood violence, noise, traffic, litter, low neighborhood socioeconomic status, and poor air quality increase the risk of poor health. Fewer studies have examined the potential protective effect that neighborhood factors can have on health, particularly stroke. We examined whether higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion was associated with lower stroke incidence after adjusting for traditional risk and psychological factors that have been linked with stroke risk. Prospective data from the Health and Retirement Study-a nationally representative panel study of American adults over the age of 50-were used. Analyses were conducted on a subset of 6740 adults who were stroke-free at baseline. Analyses adjusted for chronic illnesses and relevant sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors. Over a four-year follow-up, higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion was associated with a lower risk of stroke. Each standard deviation increase in perceived neighborhood social cohesion was associated with a multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (O.R.) of 0.85 for stroke incidence (95 Cl, 0.75-0.97, p 0.05). The effect of perceived neighborhood social cohesion remained significant after adjusting for a comprehensive set of risk factors. Therefore, perceived neighborhood social cohesion plays an important role in protecting against stroke. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Stroke/Epidemiology/Public Health/Neighborhood Social Cohesion/Health Psychology/Positive Psychology/Coronary Artery Disease/Myocardial Infarction/Socioeconomic Status/Heart Disease/Incident Stroke/Ischemic Stroke/Mortality