The Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Middle-Aged and Older Men and Women

TitleThe Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Middle-Aged and Older Men and Women
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJenkins, KRahrig, Ofstedal, MB
JournalWomen and Health
Volume54
Issue1
Pagination15-34
KeywordsDemographics, Health Conditions and Status, Women and Minorities
Abstract

Studies of gender differences in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiovascular risk factors have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this research was to examine whether the association between SES and cardiovascular risk factors differed between older men and women. Using data on physical measures and biomarkers from the 2006 Health and Retirement Study (N = 2,502 men; N = 3,474 women), linear regression models were used to estimate the association between SES and seven cardiovascular risk factors. Interactions between gender and SES were tested. For all seven risks assessed, we observed significant associations of selected SES factors to cardiovascular risk for men and/or women. In all of these cases, lower SES was associated with higher cardiovascular risk. However, for six of the factors, we also observed gender differences in the association between SES and cardiovascular risk, such that lower SES was associated with higher cardiovascular risk for women but not for men. These findings suggest that the association between SES and cardiovascular risk is more pronounced for women than for men. Implementing interventions to reduce cardiovascular risk factors, particularly among older women with lower SES, might, over time, reduce cardiovascular disease in women and improve quality of life.

Notes

Times Cited: 0

DOI10.1080/03630242.2013.858098
Endnote Keywords

socioeconomic status/cardiovascular risk/WOMEN

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key7973