|Title||Does duration of spousal caregiving affect risk of depression onset? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Capistrant, BD, Berkman, LF, M. Glymour, M|
|Journal||Am J Geriatr Psychiatry|
|Date Published||2014 Aug|
|Keywords||Aged, Caregivers, depression, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Retirement, Risk Factors, Spouses, Time Factors, United States|
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of current and long-term spousal caregiving with risk of depression in a nationally (U.S.) representative sample of older adults.
METHODS: We studied married and depression-free Health and Retirement Study respondents aged 50 years and older (n = 9,420) at baseline from 2000 to 2010. Current (≥14 hours per week of help with instrumental/activities of daily living for a spouse in the most recent biennial survey) and long-term caregiving (care at two consecutive surveys) were used to predict onset of elevated depressive symptoms (≥3 on a modified Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) with discrete-time hazards models and time-updated exposure and covariate information.
RESULTS: Current caregiving was associated with significant elevations in risk of depression onset (hazard ratio: 1.64; Wald χ(2), 1 df: 28.34; p <0.0001). Effect estimates for long-term caregiving were similar (hazard ratio: 1.52, Wald χ(2), 1 df: 3.63; p = 0.06).
CONCLUSIONS: Current spousal caregiving significantly predicted onset of depression; the association was not exacerbated by longer duration of caregiving.
Times Cited: 0
|User Guide Notes|
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Caregiving/depression/depressive symptoms/older adults/spouses/spousal caregiving
|Endnote ID|| |
|Alternate Journal||Am J Geriatr Psychiatry|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC3785551|
|Grant List||U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
T32HD007168 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD007168 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24HD050924 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States