Gender Differences in Trajectories of Self-Rated Health in Middle and Old Age: An Examination of Differential Exposure and Differential Vulnerability

TitleGender Differences in Trajectories of Self-Rated Health in Middle and Old Age: An Examination of Differential Exposure and Differential Vulnerability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRohlfsen, L, Kronenfeld, JJ
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume26
Issue4
Pagination637-662
KeywordsDemographics, Health Conditions and Status, Methodology
Abstract

Objective: This research examined gender differences in self-rated health (SRH) using the differential exposure and differential vulnerability explanations of gender differences in health. Method: Trajectories of SRH were estimated using data that spanned 12 years (1992-2004) from the Health and Retirement Study. Results: There was no gender difference in SRH at baseline, but SRH declined faster for males over time. Factors that mediated the gender difference included changes in employment status, smoking behavior, and the onset of health conditions. Moreover, were it not for gender differences in various structural and health status factors, females would have better SRH at baseline and over time. Discussion: Our results differ from previous research, which often shows a female disadvantage that is reduced or disappears at older ages. Furthermore, gender differences in the predictors of SRH (exposure) contribute more to understanding gender differences in SRH than different responses to the predictors (vulnerability).

URLhttp://jah.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/04/02/0898264314527477.abstract
DOI10.1177/0898264314527477
Endnote Keywords

gender differences/self-rated health/growth curve analysis/differential exposure/differential vulnerability

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key8019