Age-related trajectories of physical functioning in work and retirement: The role of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease

TitleAge-related trajectories of physical functioning in work and retirement: The role of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStenholm, S, Westerlund, H, Salo, P, Hyde, M, Pentti, J, Head, J, Kivimaki, M, Vahtera, J
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume68
Issue6
Pagination503-509
KeywordsDemographics, Health Conditions and Status, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction
Abstract

Background: Loss of physical functioning is an early marker of declining health in older people. The objective of this study was to examine the age-related trajectories of physical functioning among those in full-time work and retirement. Methods: Based on the Health and Retirement Study, participants who were working full-time or were in full-time retirement and 65-85 years of age during the follow-up period from 1992 to 2010 were included (n=17 844, n of observations from repeated measures in full-time work 5891 and in retirement 57 117). Details of physical functioning were asked about at all study phases and 10 items related to mobility and activities of daily living were summed to obtain a physical functioning score (0-10). Results: The number of physical functioning difficulties increased every 10 years by 0.17 (95 CI 0.04 to 0.29) when in full-time work and by 0.46 (95 CI 0.41 to 0.50) in retirement after adjusting for age, sex, race, education, total wealth, Body Mass Index, smoking, physical activity and number of diseases. Factors that were associated with a significantly greater increase in number of physical functioning difficulties in full-time work and retirement include lifestyle-related risks and chronic conditions. Conclusions: Physical functioning declines faster in retirement than in full-time work in employees aged 65 years or older and the difference is not explained by absence of chronic diseases and lifestyle-related risks. 2014 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

DOI10.1136/jech-2013-203555
Endnote Keywords

Physical Activity/ADL/IADL/trajectories/Physical function/retirement

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key8032