Prospective study of the association between dispositional optimism and incident heart failure.

TitleProspective study of the association between dispositional optimism and incident heart failure.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKim, ES, Smith, J, Kubzansky, LD
JournalCirc Heart Fail
Date Published2014 May
ISSN Number1941-3297
KeywordsAffect, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Emotions, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Incidence, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Prospective Studies, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic factors, United States

BACKGROUND: Although higher optimism has been linked with an array of positive health behaviors, biological processes, and cardiovascular outcomes, the relationship between optimism and heart failure has not been examined. In the United States, 80% of heart failures occur in adults aged 65+ years. Therefore, we examined whether higher optimism was linked with a reduced incidence of heart failure among older adults.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective data were from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative study of older US adults. Our sample included 6808 participants who were followed for 4 years. Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess whether optimism was independently associated with incident heart failure. We adjusted for sociodemographic, behavioral, biological, and psychological covariates. Higher optimism was associated with a lower risk of incident heart failure during the follow-up period. In a model that adjusted for sociodemographic factors, each SD increase in optimism had an odds ratio of 0.74 (95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.85) for heart failure. Effects of optimism persisted even after adjusting for a wide range of covariates. There was also evidence of a dose-response relationship. As optimism increased, risk of developing heart failure decreased monotonically, with a 48% reduced odds among people with the highest versus lowest optimism.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to suggest that optimism is associated with a lower risk of heart failure. If future studies confirm these findings, they may be used to inform new strategies for preventing or delaying the onset of heart failure.


Times Cited: 1

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Endnote Keywords

heart attack/cardiovascular disease/optimism/optimism/sociodemographic factors/sociodemographic factors/Logistic regression analysis

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalCirc Heart Fail
Citation Key8103
PubMed ID24647117
PubMed Central IDPMC4608236
Grant ListR01 AG040635 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01AG09740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States