Depressive Symptoms and Disability Risk Among Older White and Latino Adults by Nativity Status

TitleDepressive Symptoms and Disability Risk Among Older White and Latino Adults by Nativity Status
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBowen, ME, Ruch, A
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Public Policy, Women and Minorities

Objective:To examine how the relationship between depressive symptoms and disability may vary by nativity status in later life. Method: This nationally representative prospective study of community-dwelling adults age 51 years and older in the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2010) used hierarchical linear modeling to examine how depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Symptoms of Depression) and disability (instrumental activities of daily living IADL ; activities of daily living ADL ) vary by nativity status (U.S.- vs. foreign-born), accounting for changes in social support, health behaviors, and health conditions. Results: Depressive symptoms were associated with increased IADL and ADL disability among Latinos compared with Whites; foreign-born Latinos had lower than expected depressive symptom related IADL and ADL (0.82; p .001) disability. Discussion: Given that U.S.-born Latinos had similar or poorer depressive symptom related disability outcomes than Whites, interventions focused on early detection and treatment of depressive symptoms for this group are warranted and may improve disablement outcomes.

Endnote Keywords

minority health/minority health/depression/activities of daily living (ADL)/instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)/health paradox

Endnote ID


Citation Key8161