Measurement Invariance of Cognitive Abilities Across Ethnicity, Gender, and Time Among Older Americans.

TitleMeasurement Invariance of Cognitive Abilities Across Ethnicity, Gender, and Time Among Older Americans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsA Blankson, N, McArdle, JJ
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Volume70
Issue3
Pagination386-97
Date Published2015 May
ISSN Number1758-5368
KeywordsAfrican Continental Ancestry Group, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Memory, Episodic, Mental Processes, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological tests, Psychometrics, Psychomotor Performance, Reproducibility of Results, Sex Factors, Time Factors, United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to test the invariance of the cognitive variables in the Health and Retirement Study/Asset Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old studies (HRS/AHEAD) across ethnicity, gender, and time.

METHOD: Analyses were conducted using a selected subsample of the HRS/AHEAD data set. The cognitive performance tests measuring episodic memory and mental status were used, and invariance of a two-factor structure was tested using confirmatory factor analyses and multilevel modeling for longitudinal data.

RESULTS: Results provided some support for "strict" factorial invariance of the episodic memory and mental status measures across ethnicity and gender. Further support of weak ("metric") measurement invariance was found across time.

DISCUSSION: Results of the research further our understanding of invariance of the HRS/AHEAD cognitive ability measures. Further implications are discussed.

URLhttp://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/10/25/geronb.gbt106.abstract
DOI10.1093/geronb/gbt106
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24170715?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

Cognitive Aging/Group Differences/Latent Variable Modeling/Measurement Invariance/Structural Equation Modeling

Endnote ID

999999

Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Citation Key8163
PubMed ID24170715
PubMed Central IDPMC4542644
Grant ListR37 AG007137 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States