|Title||Cross-National Differences in Disability Among Elders: Transitions in Disability in Mexico and the United States.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Gerst, K, Wong, R, Michaels-Obregon, A, Palloni, A|
|Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Date Published||2015 Sep|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Disabled Persons, Female, Humans, Male, Mexico, MHAS, Middle Aged, Mortality, Prevalence|
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how exposure to a combination of infectious and chronic conditions throughout the lifecourse could impact disability in old age. This paper compares 2 cohorts of adults who have aged under very different country contexts by contrasting disability transitions among elders in Mexico with elders in the United States.
METHODS: Data comes from the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS) and the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Estimated probabilities of 2-year transitions among disability states and mortality are presented for adults aged 50 and older.
RESULTS: The levels of disability prevalence and 2 year transitions are consistent with a higher rate of disability for the United States compared to Mexico. In 2-year transitions, the U.S. sample was more likely to transition to a disabled state or increase the number of disabilities than the Mexican counterparts, while Mexicans are more likely to move out of disability or reduce the number of disabilities reported.
DISCUSSION: The findings suggest that the current rate of disability in old age is lower for a less developed country compared with a developed society. We discuss implications, possible explanations, and likely future scenarios.
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Disability/Disability/Elders/Mexico/MHAS_/cross-national comparison/cross Cultural Comparison
|Endnote ID|| |
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4635645|
|Grant List||R01 AG018016 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
R37 AG025216 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG018016 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG025533 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG024832 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States