|Health Status, Medicare Part D Enrollment, and Prescription Drug Use among Older Adults
|Year of Publication
|Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare
|Medicare/Medicaid/Health Insurance, Public Policy
To account for potential selection factors in the observed relationship between Medicare Part D coverage and prescription drug use, this study uses data from the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to first examine the determinants of Medicare Part D enrollment, paying particular attention to the role of functional health status on the enrollment decision. Next, the study assesses whether and to what extent Medicare Part D coverage moderates the effect of functional health status on prescription drug use and monthly out-of-pocket spending among older adults. As prior studies indicate, the findings reveal that individuals who take up Medicare Part D have poorer (functional) health relative to nonparticipants, and thus, exhibit greater demand for prescription drugs. Taking functional health status into account, Medicare Part D coverage is significantly associated with greater prescription drug use among those with few health limitations, and is also significantly associated with greater out-of-pocket spending among those with the most health limitations. Thus, while prior studies have compared Medicare eligible- to non-eligible individuals to find that Medicare Part D coverage significantly lowers out-ofpocket costs, and therefore, increases prescription drug use, this study compared Medicare Part D enrollees to eligible non-enrollees to generate findings that imply that the presumed effect of Medicare Part D coverage on prescription drug use may be spurious. In turn, advocacy efforts may be best directed at ensuring that the existing coverage gaps in Medicare Part D are continually addressed.
health insurance/access to and utilization of services/health care policy/medicare Part D