|Title||Greater Perceived Age Discrimination in England than the United States: Results from HRS and ELSA.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Rippon, I, Zaninotto, P, Steptoe, A|
|Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Date Published||2015 Nov|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Ageism, England, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Perception, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States|
OBJECTIVES: We examined cross-national differences in perceptions of age discrimination in England and the United States. Under the premise that the United States has had age discrimination legislation in place for considerably longer than England, we hypothesized that perceptions of age discrimination would be lower in the United States.
METHODS: We analyzed data from two nationally representative studies of aging, the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (n = 4,818) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 7,478). Respondents aged 52 years and older who attributed any experiences of discrimination to their age were treated as cases of perceived age discrimination. We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios of experiencing perceived age discrimination in relation to selected sociodemographic factors.
RESULTS: Perceptions of age discrimination were significantly higher in England than the United States, with 34.8% of men and women in England reporting age discrimination compared with 29.1% in the United States. Associations between perceived age discrimination and older age and lower levels of household wealth were observed in both countries, but we found differences between England and the United States in the relationship between perceived age discrimination and education.
DISCUSSION: Our study revealed that levels of perceived age discrimination are lower in the United States than England and are less socially patterned. This suggests that differing social and political circumstances in the two countries may have an important role to play.
|User Guide Notes|
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Ageism/Older adults/Cross-National Studies/Age discrimination/mental Health/International comparisons/Demographics/ELSA_
|Endnote ID|| |
|Alternate Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4600302|
|Grant List||U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
/ / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom