|Title||Gender Differences in Institutional Long-Term Care Transitions.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Mudrazija, S, Thomeer, MBeth, Angel, JL|
|Journal||Womens Health Issues|
|Date Published||2015 Sep-Oct|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Continuity of Patient Care, Family Characteristics, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Home Care Services, Humans, Length of Stay, Logistic Models, Long-term Care, Male, Marital Status, Middle Aged, Nursing homes, Patient Discharge, Residence Characteristics, Sex Characteristics, United States|
INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the relationship between gender, the likelihood of discharge from institutional long-term care (LTC) facilities, and post-discharge living arrangements, highlighting sociodemographic, health, socioeconomic, and family characteristics.
METHODS: We use the Health and Retirement Study to examine individuals age 65 and older admitted to LTC facilities between 2000 and 2010 (n = 3,351). We examine discharge patterns using survival analyses that account for the competing risk of death and estimate the probabilities of post-discharge living arrangements using multinomial logistic regression models.
RESULTS: Women are more likely than men to be discharged from LTC facilities during the first year of stay. Women are more likely to live alone or with kin after discharge, whereas men are more likely to live with a spouse or transfer to another institution. Gender differences in the availability and use of family support may partly account for the gender disparity of LTC discharge and post-discharge living arrangements.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that women and men follow distinct pathways after LTC discharge. As local and federal efforts begin to place more emphasis on the transition from LTC facilities to prior communities (e.g., transitional care initiatives under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act), policymakers should take these gender differences into account in the design of community transition programs.
|User Guide Notes|
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Long Term Care/discharge likelihood/discharge planning/sociodemographic differences/sociodemographic differences/LTC discharge
|Endnote ID|| |
|Alternate Journal||Womens Health Issues|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4569522|
|Grant List||R01 MD005894 / MD / NIMHD NIH HHS / United States |
1 R01 MD005894-01 / MD / NIMHD NIH HHS / United States