How Do Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Affect Nursing Home Admission? Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study

TitleHow Do Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Affect Nursing Home Admission? Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsThomeer, MBeth, Mudrazija, S, Angel, JL
JournalThe Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume70
Issue4
Pagination628-638
KeywordsDemographics, Healthcare, Women and Minorities
Abstract

Objectives. This study investigates how health- and disability-based need factors and enabling factors (e.g., socioeconomic and family-based resources) relate to nursing home admission among 3 different racial and ethnic groups.Method. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate differences in nursing home admission for non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics from 1998 to 2010 in the Health and Retirement Study (N = 18,952).Results. Racial ethnic differences in nursing home admission are magnified after controlling for health- and disability-based need factors and enabling factors. Additionally, the degree to which specific factors contribute to risk of nursing home admission varies significantly across racial ethnic groups.Discussion. Our findings indicate that substantial racial and ethnic variations in nursing home admission continue to exist and that Hispanic use is particularly low. We argue that these differences may demonstrate a significant underuse of nursing homes for racial and ethnic minorities. Alternatively, they could signify different preferences for nursing home care, perhaps due to unmeasured cultural factors or structural obstacles.

URLhttp://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/09/08/geronb.gbu114.abstract
DOI10.1093/geronb/gbu114
Endnote Keywords

Hispanic ethnicity/Long-term care/Nursing homes/ethnicity/race/ethnic differences

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key8251
PubMed ID25204311
PubMed Central IDPMC4462672