Physical Activity, Central Adiposity, and Functional Limitations in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

TitlePhysical Activity, Central Adiposity, and Functional Limitations in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGermain, CM, Vasquez, E, Batsis, JA
JournalJournal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Volume39
Issue2
Pagination71-76
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status
Abstract

Background and Purpose: Obesity and physical inactivity are independently associated with physical and functional limitations in older adults. The current study examines the impact of physical activity on odds of physical and functional limitations in older adults with central and general obesity. Methods: Data from 6279 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or more from the Health and Retirement Study 2006 and 2008 waves were used to calculate prevalence and odds of physical and functional limitation among obese older adults with high waist circumference (waist circumference = 88 cm in females and = 102 cm in males) who were physically active versus inactive (engaging in moderate/vigorous activity less than once per week). Logistic regression models were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, smoking status, body mass index, and number of comorbidities. Results: Physical activity was associated with lower odds of physical and functional limitations among older adults with high waist circumference (odds ratio OR , 0.59; confidence interval CI , 0.52-0.68, for physical limitations; OR, 0.52; CI, 0.44-0.62, for activities of daily living; and OR, 0.44; CI, 0.39-0.50, for instrumental activities of daily living). Conclusions: Physical activity is associated with significantly lower odds of physical and functional limitations in obese older adults regardless of how obesity is classified. Additional research is needed to determine whether physical activity moderates long-term physical and functional limitations.

Notes

Times Cited: 0 0

DOI10.1519/jpt.0000000000000051
Endnote Keywords

obesity/physical limitations/function/mobility/functional limitations/obese older adults

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key8362