|Title||The determinants of presenteeism: a comprehensive investigation of stress-related factors at work, health, and individual factors among the aging workforce.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Yang, T, Zhu, M, Xie, X|
|Journal||J Occup Health|
|Keywords||Age Factors, Aged, Aging, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Occupational Diseases, Presenteeism, Stress, Psychological, United States, Workplace|
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of presenteeism, taking health and individual factors into account.
METHODS: A quantitative analysis applying structural equation modelling analysis was conducted on the basis of secondary data from the Health and Retirement Survey (2008 wave), which measured presenteeism and its determinants.
RESULTS: Stress-related factors at work (β =-0.35, p<0.001), individual factors (α =-0.27, p<0.001), and health (β =0.24, p<0.001) were significantly related to presenteeism. Individual factors were found to be directly correlated with stress-related factors at work (β =0.22, p<0.001). Significant indirect effects between stress-related factors at work and presenteeism (Sobel z=-6.61; p<0.001) and between individual factors and presenteeism (Sobel z=-4.42; p<0.001), which were mediated by health, were also found. Overall, the final model accounted for 37% (R(2)=0.37) of the variance in presenteeism.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates some important and practical guidelines for employers to avoid the burdens of stress-related presenteeism among their employees. These findings could help select target factors in the design and implementation of effective presenteeism interventions in the aging working population.
|User Guide Notes|
|Alternate Journal||J Occup Health|