|Title||The determinants of presenteeism: a comprehensive investigation of stress-related factors at work, health, and individual factors among the aging workforce|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Yang, T, Zhu, M, Xie, X|
|Journal||Journal of occupational health|
|Keywords||Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Health Factors, Older Adults, Stress|
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of presenteeism, taking health and individual factors into account. METHODS: A quantitative analysis applying structural equation modelling analysis was conducted on the basis of secondary data from the Health and Retirement Survey (2008 wave), which measured presenteeism and its determinants. RESULTS: Stress-related factors at work (beta =-0.35, p 0.001), individual factors (alpha =-0.27, p 0.001), and health (beta =0.24, p 0.001) were significantly related to presenteeism. Individual factors were found to be directly correlated with stress-related factors at work (beta =0.22, p 0.001). Significant indirect effects between stress-related factors at work and presenteeism (Sobel z=-6.61; p 0.001) and between individual factors and presenteeism (Sobel z=-4.42; p 0.001), which were mediated by health, were also found. Overall, the final model accounted for 37 (R(2)=0.37) of the variance in presenteeism. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates some important and practical guidelines for employers to avoid the burdens of stress-related presenteeism among their employees. These findings could help select target factors in the design and implementation of effective presenteeism interventions in the aging working population.(J Occup Health 2016; 58: 25-35).