Satisfaction with Aging Results in Reduced Risk for Falling

TitleSatisfaction with Aging Results in Reduced Risk for Falling
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAyalon, L
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Healthcare

Background: Falls are highly frequent in older adults and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The present study was designed to assess the role of satisfaction with one's aging process as a predictor of the risk for falling over a four-year period and to identify potential mediators of this relationship. Methods: The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is a US nationally representative sample of individuals over the age of 50 years and their spouse of any age. The present study was based on the 2008 2012 waves of the HRS. Analyses were restricted to 4,121 respondents over the age of 50 years, who had fall data in 2008 and 2012 and were eligible to complete the satisfaction with aging measure as part of the 2008 psychosocial questionnaire. Results: Overall, 38.1 of the sample reported having fallen at least once between 2006 and 2008 and 40.7 reported having fallen at least once between 2010 and 2012. Higher levels of satisfaction with aging in 2008 were found to be protective against falls assessed in 2012 (OR 95 CI = 0.88 0.79 0.98 ) even after adjustment for age, gender, education, ethnicity, medical status, functional status, cognitive functioning, walking speed, balance, vision, depressive symptoms, physical activities, and past falls. Bootstrap procedures have shown that the effect of satisfaction with aging on falls is partially accounted for through its effect on functional decline. Conclusions: The findings point to the important role of satisfaction with aging as a potential protective mechanism against falls. The results call for the development of psychosocial interventions to reduce falls in older adults.

Endnote Keywords

epidemiology/satisfaction with aging/falls/frailty/subjective aging/MORBIDITY/Mortality

Endnote ID


Citation Key8385