Accelerated increase and decrease in subjective age as a function of changes in loneliness and objective social indicators over a four-year period: results from the health and retirement study

TitleAccelerated increase and decrease in subjective age as a function of changes in loneliness and objective social indicators over a four-year period: results from the health and retirement study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAyalon, L, Palgi, Y, Avidor, S, Bodner, E
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume20
Issue7
Pagination743-751
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Healthcare, Other
Abstract

Objectives: The study examined the role of changes in loneliness and objective social indicators in the formation of changes in subjective age over a four-year period. Methods: The Health and Retirement Study is a US nationally representative study of older adults over 50 and their spouse of any age. We restricted the sample to individuals, 65 years of age and older (n = 2591). An accelerated increase in subjective age was defined as an increase in subjective age over the two waves greater than five years. An accelerated decrease in subjective age was defined as a difference that was lower than three years. These were examined against a change in subjective age in the range of three to five years (i.e., change consistent with the passage of time). Results: For 23.4 of the sample, changes in subjective age were consistent with the passage of time. A total of 38.3 had an accelerated decrease in subjective age, whereas 38.3 had an accelerated increase. A decrease in loneliness over the two waves resulted in an accelerated decrease in subjective age, whereas an increase in depressive symptoms resulted in an accelerated increase in subjective age. Changes in objective social indicators, physical difficulties or medical comorbidity did not predict changes in subjective age. Conclusions: This is one of very few studies that examined changes in subjective age over time. Changes in subjective age represent an important construct that corresponding to other changes in subjective experiences. 2015 Taylor and Francis

Notes

Export Date: 29 May 2015 Article in Press

URLhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84928654923andpartnerID=40andmd5=dc249d3a4a7b131281c68dbbc5ac5bb7
DOI10.1080/13607863.2015.1035696
Endnote Keywords

aloneness/epidemiology/loneliness/social relations/subjective

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key8386
PubMed ID25925282