|Title||Do Higher Levels of Resilience Buffer the Deleterious Impact of Chronic Illness on Disability in Later Life?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Manning, LK, Carr, DC, Kail, BL|
|Date Published||2016 Jun|
|Keywords||Chronic conditions, Disabilities, Older Adults, Resilience, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction|
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In examining the ability of resilience, or the ability to navigate adversity in a manner that protects well-being, to buffer the impact of chronic disease onset on disability in later life, the authors tested 2 hypotheses: (a) People with greater levels of resilience will have lower levels of disability and (b) resilience will moderate the association between the onset of a new chronic condition and subsequent disability.
DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a sample of 10,753 Americans between the ages of 51 and 98, derived from 3 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (2006-2010). Ordinary least squares regression was used to estimate the impact of resilience on changes in disability (measured as difficulty with activities of daily living [ADLs] and instrumental activities of daily living [IADLs]) over a 2-year period using a simplified resilience score.
RESULTS: Resilience protects against increases in ADL and IADL limitations that are often associated with aging. Resilience mitigates a considerable amount of the deleterious consequences related to the onset of chronic illness and subsequent disability.
IMPLICATIONS: Our results support our hypotheses and are consistent with claims that high levels of resilience can protect against the negative impact of disability in later life.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4873762|