Life Course Pathways to Later Life Wellbeing: A Comparative Study of the Role of Socio-Economic Position in England and the U.S.

TitleLife Course Pathways to Later Life Wellbeing: A Comparative Study of the Role of Socio-Economic Position in England and the U.S.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVanhoutte, B, Nazroo, J
JournalJournal of Population Ageing
Volume9
Issue1-2
Pagination157-177
Date Published06/2016
ISSN Number1874-7884
KeywordsLife trajectories, Socioeconomic factors
Abstract

The influence of early life, accumulation and social mobility on wellbeing in later life in the U.S. and England is investigated. Using cross-sectional data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), we estimate multivariate regressions of hedonic and eudemonic measures of wellbeing on these life course mechanisms, controlling for age, gender, ethnic background, partnership status, health and wealth. On the level of the life course mechanisms, there is mixed evidence regarding the critical impact of early life, strong evidence for an association between accumulation and eudemonic wellbeing and a moderate negative effect of downward social mobility. While the relation between hedonic wellbeing and life course mechanisms is unclear or in a different direction than anticipated, eudemonic wellbeing is clearly related to accumulation and mobility in both countries and to early life in the U.S. On the societal level, the major observation is that the life course has a larger influence in the U.S. than in England.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27069518
DOI10.1007/s12062-015-9127-x
Alternate JournalJ Popul Ageing
Citation Key8544
PubMed ID27069518
PubMed Central IDPMC4785197