|Title||Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Vable, AM, Kawachi, I, Canning, D, Glymour, MM, Jimenez, MP, Subramanian, SV|
|Keywords||Depressive symptoms, Korean War, Mental Health, Older Adults, Veterans|
BACKGROUND: The Korean War GI Bill provided economic benefits for veterans, thereby potentially improving their health outcomes. However potential spillover effects on veteran wives have not been evaluated.
METHODS: Data from wives of veterans eligible for the Korean War GI Bill (N = 128) and wives of non-veterans (N = 224) from the Health and Retirement Study were matched on race and coarsened birth year and childhood health using coarsened exact matching. Number of depressive symptoms in 2010 (average age = 78) were assessed using a modified, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Regression analyses were stratified into low (mother < 8 years schooling / missing data, N = 95) or high (mother ≥ 8 years schooling, N = 257) childhood socio-economic status (cSES) groups, and were adjusted for birth year and childhood health, as well as respondent's educational attainment in a subset of analyses.
RESULTS: Husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility did not predict depressive symptoms among veteran wives in pooled analysis or cSES stratified analyses; analyses in the low cSES subgroup were underpowered (N = 95, β = -0.50, 95% Confidence Interval: (-1.35, 0.35), p = 0.248, power = 0.28).
CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of a relationship between husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility and wives' mental health in these data, however there may be a true effect that our analysis was underpowered to detect.
|Alternate Journal||PLoS ONE|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4871362|