The relationship between family support; pain and depression in elderly with arthritis.

TitleThe relationship between family support; pain and depression in elderly with arthritis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHung, M, Bounsanga, J, Voss, MW, Crum, AB, Chen, W, Birmingham, WC
JournalPsychology, Health & Medicine
Volume22
Issue1
Pagination75-86
Date Published01/2017
ISSN Number1465-3966
KeywordsAdult children, Arthritis, Chronic pain, Depressive symptoms
Abstract

The prevalence and chronic nature of arthritis make it the most common cause of disability among U.S.A adults. Family support reduces the negative impact of chronic conditions generally but its role in pain and depression for arthritic conditions is not well understood. A total of 844 males (35.0%) and 1567 females (65.0%) with arthritic conditions (n = 2411) were drawn from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study to examine the effect of family support on pain and depressive symptoms. Using regression analysis and controlling for age, ethnicity, gender, marital/educational status and employment/income, physical function/disability status, pain and antidepressant medications, and other clinical indicators of chronic health conditions, we examined the effects of family support (spouse, children, other) on pain and depression levels. Results indicated that depressive symptoms decreased significantly with strong family and spousal support (p < .05). Pain decreased as support levels increased, but was non-statistically significant. This study provides new insights into the relationship between family support, pain, and depression for individuals with arthritis. Future longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate family support and relationships over a wider spectrum of demographics.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27427504
DOI10.1080/13548506.2016.1211293
Alternate JournalPsychol Health Med
Citation Key8578
PubMed ID27427504