The Association between Sleep Problems, Sleep Medication Use, and Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results from the Health and Retirement Study 2010

TitleThe Association between Sleep Problems, Sleep Medication Use, and Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results from the Health and Retirement Study 2010
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMin, Y, Nadpara, PA, Slattum, PW
JournalJournal of Aging Research
Volume2016
Pagination1 - 10
Date PublishedJan-01-2016
ISSN Number2090-2204
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Older Adults, Prescription Medication, Retirement homes, Risk Factors, Sleep
Abstract

Background. Very few studies have assessed the impact of poor sleep and sleep medication use on the risk of falls among community-dwelling older adults. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between sleep problems, sleep medication use, and falls in community-dwelling older adults. Methods. The study population comprised a nationally representative sample of noninstitutionalized older adults participating in the 2010 Health and Retirement Study. Proportion of adults reporting sleep problems, sleep medication use, and fall was calculated. Multiple logistic regression models were constructed to examine the impact of sleep problems and sleep medication use on the risk of falls after controlling for covariates. Results. Among 9,843 community-dwelling older adults, 35.8% had reported a fall and 40.8% had reported sleep problems in the past two years. Sleep medication use was reported by 20.9% of the participants. Older adults who do have sleep problems and take sleep medications had a significant high risk of falls, compared to older adults who do not have sleep problems and do not take sleep medications. The other two groups also had significantly greater risk for falls. Conclusion. Sleep problems added to sleep medication use increase the risk of falls. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these observed findings.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4980537/
DOI10.1155/2016/3685789
Short TitleJournal of Aging Research
Citation Key8595
PubMed ID27547452
PubMed Central IDPMC4980537