|Title||Effects of receipt of Social Security retirement benefits on older women's employment.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Gillen, M, Heath, CJ|
|Journal||Journal of Women & Aging|
|Keywords||Older Adults, Social Security, Women and Minorities|
Labor force participation of women has declined since 1999; however, labor force participation of women 62+ has increased. The 2000-2006 waves of Health and Retirement Study (HRS) data, the initial years of the continuing upward trajectory, were used to test the effects of receipt of Social Security retirement benefits on older women's employment. The models tested: (a) the effect of receipt of Social Security retirement benefits on whether employed; and (b) for women receiving Social Security retirement benefits, the effect of age elected receipt of benefits on whether employed. Both models included the effects of human capital characteristics and income sources. Receipt of Social Security benefits, pension income, and current age reduced the likelihood of employment; while educational level, good to excellent health, and nonmarried marital status increased the likelihood of employment. The older the woman was when she elected Social Security benefits, the more likely she was to be employed.
|Alternate Journal||J Women Aging|