|Title||Educational and Gender Differences in Health Behavior Changes After a Gateway Diagnosis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Hernandez, EM, Margolis, R, Hummer, RA|
|Journal||J Aging Health|
|Date Published||2018 03|
|Keywords||Aged, Attitude to Health, Educational Status, Exercise, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Retirement, Sex Factors, Smoking cessation, United States|
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension represents a gateway diagnosis to more serious health problems that occur as people age. We examine educational differences in three health behavior changes people often make after receiving this diagnosis in middle or older age, and test whether these educational differences depend on (a) the complexity of the health behavior change and (b) gender.
METHOD: We use data from the Health and Retirement Study and conduct logistic regression analysis to examine the likelihood of modifying health behaviors post diagnosis.
RESULTS: We find educational differences in three behavior changes-antihypertensive medication use, smoking cessation, and physical activity initiation-after a hypertension diagnosis. These educational differences in health behaviors were stronger among women compared with men.
DISCUSSION: Upon receiving a hypertension diagnosis, education is a more important predictor of behavior changes for women compared with men, which may help explain gender differences in the socioeconomic gradient in health in the United States.
|User Guide Notes|
|Short Title||Journal of Aging and Health|
|Alternate Journal||J Aging Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC5777891|
|Grant List||F32 HD070595 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States |
R24 HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States