Economic development and gender inequality in cognition: a comparison of China and India, and of SAGE and the HRS sister studies.

TitleEconomic development and gender inequality in cognition: a comparison of China and India, and of SAGE and the HRS sister studies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWeir, DR, Lay, M, Langa, KM
JournalJournal of Economics of Ageing
Volume4
Pagination114-125
Date Published2014 Dec 01
ISSN Number2212-828X
KeywordsEconomics, Gender Differences, Older Adults, Sister studies
Abstract

This paper examines cognition measures by age and gender from two types of studies in China and India. It finds that despite some notable differences in samples and measures, a general strong association of cognition in older ages with education emerges as a potential explanation for gender gaps and cohort differences. Female disadvantage in cognition is greater in India, both before and after controlling for education. The process of rural-urban migration draws more cognitively able women to cities in China but not in India. The advent of modern longitudinal studies of aging in these developing countries holds great promise for future work.

DOI10.1016/j.jeoa.2014.08.002
Alternate JournalJ Econ Ageing
Citation Key8926
PubMed ID25506546
PubMed Central IDPMC4260415
Grant ListU01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States