Chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older people: Functional limitations as a mediator and self-perceptions of aging as a moderator.

TitleChronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older people: Functional limitations as a mediator and self-perceptions of aging as a moderator.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsHan, J
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume30
Issue8
Pagination1188-1204
ISSN Number1552-6887
KeywordsChronic disease, Depressive symptoms, Self-perception
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This research examined the mediation of functional limitations in the relationship between chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older Americans along with tests for the moderation of self-perceptions of aging.

METHOD: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (2008, 2010, and 2012) were used. Longitudinal mediation models were tested using a sample of 3,382 Americans who responded to psychosocial questions and were over 65 years old in 2008.

RESULTS: Functional limitations mediated the linkage between chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms. Negative self-perceptions of aging exacerbated the effects of chronic illnesses on depressive symptoms.

DISCUSSION: Health care professionals should be aware of depressive symptoms in older adults reporting chronic illnesses and particularly in those reporting functional limitations. To decrease the risk of depressive symptoms caused by chronic illnesses, negative self-perceptions of aging may need to be challenged.

DOI10.1177/0898264317711609
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28555515?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key9124
PubMed ID28555515