|Chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older people: Functional limitations as a mediator and self-perceptions of aging as a moderator.
|Year of Publication
|Journal of Aging and Health
|Chronic disease, Depressive symptoms, Self-perception
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the mediation of functional limitations in the relationship between chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older Americans along with tests for the moderation of self-perceptions of aging.
METHOD: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (2008, 2010, and 2012) were used. Longitudinal mediation models were tested using a sample of 3,382 Americans who responded to psychosocial questions and were over 65 years old in 2008.
RESULTS: Functional limitations mediated the linkage between chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms. Negative self-perceptions of aging exacerbated the effects of chronic illnesses on depressive symptoms.
DISCUSSION: Health care professionals should be aware of depressive symptoms in older adults reporting chronic illnesses and particularly in those reporting functional limitations. To decrease the risk of depressive symptoms caused by chronic illnesses, negative self-perceptions of aging may need to be challenged.
|User Guide Notes
|J Aging Health