The impact of health and education on future labour force participation among individuals aged 55–74 in the United States of America: the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society

TitleThe impact of health and education on future labour force participation among individuals aged 55–74 in the United States of America: the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsRehkopf, DH, Adler, NE, Rowe, J
JournalAgeing and Society
Volume37
Issue07
Pagination1313-1337
ISSN Number0144-686X
KeywordsEducation, Employment and Labor Force, Population Health, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction
Abstract

Chronic disease, mobility limitations and low physical functioning are determinants of an earlier age of retirement. Therefore, long-term population trends in these factors may have an impact on the proportion of individuals near traditional retirement age who continue to work. Our objective is to develop a projection model that accounts for trends in these factors in order to estimate the proportion of the population aged 55–74 with the capacity to participate in the labour force. We used logistic regression models to quantify how chronic disease, mobility and functional status predict labour force participation among individuals aged 55–59. Next, we obtained estimates of the population prevalence of each of these predictors for the years 2010–2050. We then used estimated coefficients from the logistic regression models to predict the age-specific probability of capacity for work up to the age of 74. We find that population capacity for work depends on trends in disability and on level of education. Future population capacity for work depends on trends in functional limitations primarily in the population with lower levels of education. Changes in functional limitations, changes in the environment, technology and social policy targeted towards individuals with lower levels of education could result in mitigation of future decreasing capacity for work in the population near retirement age.

URLhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0144686X16000295/type/journal_articlehttps://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/S0144686X16000295
DOI10.1017/S0144686X16000295
Short TitleAgeing and Society
Citation Key9229