Depressive symptoms in recipients of home- and community-based services in the United States: Are older adults receiving the care they need?

TitleDepressive symptoms in recipients of home- and community-based services in the United States: Are older adults receiving the care they need?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPepin, R, Leggett, AN, Sonnega, A, Assari, S
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue12
Pagination1351-1360
ISSN Number1545-7214
KeywordsCaregiving, Community-based services, Depressive symptoms
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To understand unmet depression needs of older adults, the current study investigates depressive symptoms, psychiatric treatment, and home- and community-based service (HCBS) use in a nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States.

METHODS: Participants included 5,582 adults aged 60 and over from the 2010-2012 waves of the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study. Weighted bivariate analyses were used to examine the frequency of depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and psychiatric treatment among HCBS recipients compared with non-HCBS recipients. Weighted logistic regression models were used to evaluate the effect of depressive symptoms on HCBS use.

RESULTS: HCBS recipients had a higher frequency of depressive symptoms compared with nonrecipients (27.5% versus 10.4%, respectively). In particular, transportation service recipients had the highest frequency of depressive symptoms (37.5%). HCBS recipients with depressive symptoms were no more likely than nonrecipients to receive psychiatric services. Depressive symptoms were associated with HCBS use, above and beyond sociodemographic and health risk factors.

CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms are more frequent among HCBS recipients compared with nonrecipients; however, depressed HCBS recipients are no more likely to receive psychiatric services, suggesting unmet depression needs. HCBS may be a key setting for depression detection and delivery of mental health interventions.

DOI10.1016/j.jagp.2017.05.021
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28760513?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalAm J Geriatr Psychiatry
Citation Key9250
PubMed ID28760513