Association between spousal caregiver well-being and care recipient healthcare expenditures

TitleAssociation between spousal caregiver well-being and care recipient healthcare expenditures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAnkuda, CK, Maust, DT, Kabeto, MU, McCammon, R, Langa, KM, Levine, DA
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume65
Issue10
Pagination2220-2226
KeywordsCaregiving, Marriage, Medical Expenses, Medicare/Medicaid/Health Insurance, Well-being
Abstract

Objectives

To measure the association between spousal depression, general health, fatigue and sleep, and future care recipient healthcare expenditures and emergency department (ED) use.
Design

Prospective cohort study.
Setting

Health and Retirement Study.
Participants

Home-dwelling spousal dyads in which one individual (care recipient) was aged 65 and older and had one or more activity of daily living or instrumental activity of daily living disabilities and was enrolled in Medicare Part B (N = 3,101).
Exposure

Caregiver sleep (Jenkins Sleep Scale), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression-8 Scale), and self-reported general health measures.
Measurements

Primary outcome was care recipient Medicare expenditures. Secondary outcome was care recipient ED use. Follow-up was 6 months.
Results

Caregiver depressive symptoms score and six of 17 caregiver well-being measures were prospectively associated with higher care recipient expenditures after minimal adjustment (P < .05). Higher care recipient expenditures remained significantly associated with caregiver fatigue (cost increase, $1,937, 95% confidence interval (CI) = $770–3,105) and caregiver sadness (cost increase, $1,323, 95% CI = $228–2,419) after full adjustment. Four of 17 caregiver well-being measures, including severe fatigue, were significantly associated with care recipient ED use after minimal adjustment (P < .05). Greater odds of care recipient ED use remained significantly associated with caregiver fatigue (odds ratio (OR) = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.01–1.52) and caregiver fair to poor health (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.04–1.45) after full adjustment. Caregiver total sleep score was not associated with care recipient outcomes.
Conclusion

Poor caregiver well-being, particularly severe fatigue, is independently and prospectively associated with higher care recipient Medicare expenditures and ED use.

URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jgs.15039http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1111/jgs.15039/fullpdfhttps://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1111%2Fjgs.15039
DOI10.1111/jgs.15039
Short TitleJ Am Geriatr Soc
Citation Key9280
PubMed ID28836269