Alcohol use and personality change in middle and older adulthood: Findings from the Health and Retirement Study.

TitleAlcohol use and personality change in middle and older adulthood: Findings from the Health and Retirement Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLuchetti, M, Terracciano, A, Stephan, Y, Sutin, AR
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume86
Issue6
Pagination1003-1016
ISSN Number1467-6494
KeywordsAlcohol Consumption, Personality, Self-reported health
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Personality is known to predict alcohol consumption, but how alcohol use is related to personality change is less clear, especially at older ages. The present study examined the effects of level of alcohol consumption and history of dependence on change in the Five-Factor Model personality traits in a national cohort of Americans aged over 50.

METHOD: Over 10,000 adults who participated in 2006-2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study reported on personality and alcohol use and were followed over 4 years.

RESULTS: Latent difference score models indicated decreases in Extraversion to be attenuated for individuals categorized as light-to-moderate drinkers at baseline, whereas decreases in Conscientiousness were accentuated by having experienced alcohol dependence symptoms. Moreover, personality difference scores correlated with changes in the amount of alcohol consumed at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that patterns of alcohol consumption are associated with changes in personality across the second half of the life span.

DOI10.1111/jopy.12371
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29357105?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Pers
Citation Key9516
PubMed ID29357105
Grant ListR01 AG053297 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R03 AG051960 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States