Protein-altering variants associated with body mass index implicate pathways that control energy intake and expenditure in obesity.

TitleProtein-altering variants associated with body mass index implicate pathways that control energy intake and expenditure in obesity.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTurcot, V, Lu, Y, Highland, HM, Schurmann, C, Justice, AE, Fine, RS, Bradfield, JP, Esko, T, Giri, A, Graff, M, Guo, X, Hendricks, AE, Karaderi, T, Lempradl, A, Locke, AE, Mahajan, A, Marouli, E, Sivapalaratnam, S, Young, KL, Alfred, T, Feitosa, MF, Masca, NGD, Manning, AK, Medina-Gomez, C, Mudgal, P, C Y Ng, M, Reiner, AP, Vedantam, S, Willems, SM, Winkler, TW, Abecasis, G, Aben, KK, Alam, DS, Alharthi, SE, Allison, M, Amouyel, P, Asselbergs, FW, Auer, PL, Balkau, B, Bang, LE, Barroso, I, Bastarache, L, Benn, M, Bergmann, S, Bielak, LF, Blüher, M, Boehnke, M, Boeing, H, Boerwinkle, E, Böger, CA, Bork-Jensen, J, Bots, ML, Bottinger, EP, Bowden, DW, Brandslund, I, Breen, G, Brilliant, MH, Broer, L, Brumat, M, Burt, AA, Butterworth, AS, Campbell, PT, Cappellani, S, Carey, DJ, Catamo, E, Caulfield, MJ, Chambers, JC, Chasman, DI, Chen, Y-DI, Chowdhury, R, Christensen, C, Chu, AY, Cocca, M, Collins, FS, Cook, JP, Corley, J, Galbany, JCorominas, Cox, AJ, Crosslin, DS, Cuellar-Partida, G, D'Eustacchio, A, Danesh, J, Davies, G, Bakker, PIW, Groot, MCH, Mutsert, R, Deary, IJ, Dedoussis, G, Demerath, EW, Heijer, M, Hollander, AI den, Ruijter, HM, Dennis, JG, Denny, JC, Angelantonio, E, Drenos, F, Du, M, Dubé, M-P, Dunning, AM, Easton, DF, Edwards, TL, Ellinghaus, D, Ellinor, PT, Elliott, P, Evangelou, E, Farmaki, A-E, I Farooqi, S, Faul, JD, Fauser, S, Feng, S, Ferrannini, E, Ferrières, J, Florez, JC, Ford, I, Fornage, M, Franco, OH, Franke, A, Franks, PW, Friedrich, N, Frikke-Schmidt, R, Galesloot, TE, Gan, W, Gandin, I, Gasparini, P, Gibson, J, Giedraitis, V, Gjesing, AP, Gordon-Larsen, P, Gorski, M, Grabe, H-J, Grant, SFA, Grarup, N, Griffiths, HL, Grove, ML, Gudnason, V, Gustafsson, S, Haessler, J, Hakonarson, H, Hammerschlag, AR, Hansen, T, Harris, TB, Hattersley, AT, Have, CT, Hayward, C, He, L, Heard-Costa, NL, Heath, AC, Heid, IM, Helgeland, Ø, Hernesniemi, J, Hewitt, AW, Holmen, OL, G Hovingh, K, Howson, JMM, Hu, Y, Huang, PL, Huffman, JE, M Ikram, A, Ingelsson, E, Jackson, AU, Jansson, J-H, Jarvik, GP, Jensen, GB, Jia, Y, Johansson, S, Jørgensen, ME, Jørgensen, T, J Jukema, W, Kahali, B, Kahn, RS, Kähönen, M, Kamstrup, PR, Kanoni, S, Kaprio, J, Karaleftheri, M, Kardia, SLR, Karpe, F, Kathiresan, S, Kee, F, Kiemeney, LA, Kim, ES, Kitajima, H, Komulainen, P, Kooner, JS, Kooperberg, C, Korhonen, T, Kovacs, P, Kuivaniemi, H, Kutalik, Z, Kuulasmaa, K, Kuusisto, J, Laakso, M, Lakka, TA, Lamparter, D, Lange, EM, Lange, LA, Langenberg, C, Larson, EB, Lee, NR, Lehtimäki, T, Lewis, CE, Li, H, Li, J, Li-Gao, R, Lin, H, Lin, K-H, Lin, L-A, Lin, X, Lars Lind, Lindström, J, Linneberg, A, Liu, C-T, Liu, DJ, Liu, Y, Lo, KS, Lophatananon, A, Lotery, AJ, Loukola, A, Luan, J'an, Lubitz, SA, Lyytikäinen, L-P, Männistö, S, Marenne, G, Mazul, AL, McCarthy, MI, McKean-Cowdin, R, Medland, SE, Meidtner, K, Milani, L, Mistry, V, Mitchell, P, Mohlke, KL, Moilanen, L, Moitry, M, Montgomery, GW, Mook-Kanamori, DO, Moore, C, Mori, TA, Morris, AD, Morris, AP, Müller-Nurasyid, M, Munroe, PB, Nalls, MA, Narisu, N, Nelson, CP, Neville, M, Nielsen, SF, Nikus, K, Njølstad, PR, Nordestgaard, BG, Nyholt, DR, O'Connel, JR, O'Donoghue, ML, Ophoff, RA, Owen, KR, Packard, CJ, Padmanabhan, S, Palmer, CNA, Palmer, ND, Pasterkamp, G, Patel, AP, Pattie, A, Pedersen, O, Peissig, PL, Peloso, GM, Pennell, CE, Perola, M, Perry, JA, Perry, JRB, Pers, TH, Person, TN, Peters, A, Petersen, ERB, Peyser, PA, Pirie, A, Polasek, O, Polderman, TJ, Puolijoki, H, Raitakari, OT, Rasheed, A, Rauramaa, R, Reilly, DF, Renstrom, F, Rheinberger, M, Ridker, PM, Rioux, JD, Rivas, MA, Roberts, DJ, Robertson, NR, Robino, A, Rolandsson, O, Rudan, I, Ruth, KS, Saleheen, D, Salomaa, V, Samani, NJ, Sapkota, Y, Sattar, N, Schoen, RE, Schreiner, PJ, Schulze, MB, Scott, RA, Segura-Lepe, MP, Shah, S, Sheu, WH-H, Sim, X, Slater, AJ, Small, KS, Smith, AVernon, Southam, L, Spector, TD, Speliotes, EK, Starr, JM, Stefansson, K, Steinthorsdottir, V, Stirrups, KE, Strauch, K, Stringham, HM, Stumvoll, M, Sun, L, Surendran, P, Swift, AJ, Tada, H, Tansey, KE, Tardif, J-C, Taylor, KD, Teumer, A, Thompson, DJ, Thorleifsson, G, Thorsteinsdottir, U, Thuesen, BH, Tönjes, A, Tromp, G, Trompet, S, Tsafantakis, E, Tuomilehto, J, Tybjaerg-Hansen, A, Tyrer, JP, Uher, R, Uitterlinden, AG, Uusitupa, M, Laan, SW, Duijn, CM, Leeuwen, N, van Setten, J, Vanhala, M, Varbo, A, Varga, TV, Varma, R, Edwards, DRVelez, Vermeulen, SH, Veronesi, G, Vestergaard, H, Vitart, V, Vogt, TF, Völker, U, Vuckovic, D, Wagenknecht, LE, Walker, M, Wallentin, L, Wang, F, Wang, CA, Wang, S, Wang, Y, Ware, EB, Wareham, NJ, Warren, HR, Waterworth, D, Wessel, J, White, HD, Willer, CJ, Wilson, JG, Witte, DR, Wood, AR, Wu, Y, Yaghootkar, H, Yao, J, Yao, P, Yerges-Armstrong, LM, Young, R, Zeggini, E, Zhan, X, Zhang, W, Zhao, W, Zhou, W, Zondervan, KT, Rotter, JI, Pospisilik, JA, Rivadeneira, F, Borecki, IB, Deloukas, P, Frayling, TM, Lettre, G, North, KE, Lindgren, CM, Hirschhorn, J, Loos, RJF
Corporate AuthorsCHD Exome+ Consortium, EPIC-CVD Consortium, ExomeBP Consortium, Global Lipids Genetic Consortium, GoT2D Genes Consortium, EPIC InterAct Consortium, INTERVAL Study, ReproGen Consortium, T2D-GENES Consortium, MAGIC Investigators, Understanding Society Scientific Group
JournalNat Genet
Volume50
Issue1
Pagination26-41
Date Published2018 Jan
ISSN Number1546-1718
Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, noncoding variants from which pinpointing causal genes remains challenging. Here we combined data from 718,734 individuals to discover rare and low-frequency (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%) coding variants associated with BMI. We identified 14 coding variants in 13 genes, of which 8 variants were in genes (ZBTB7B, ACHE, RAPGEF3, RAB21, ZFHX3, ENTPD6, ZFR2 and ZNF169) newly implicated in human obesity, 2 variants were in genes (MC4R and KSR2) previously observed to be mutated in extreme obesity and 2 variants were in GIPR. The effect sizes of rare variants are ~10 times larger than those of common variants, with the largest effect observed in carriers of an MC4R mutation introducing a stop codon (p.Tyr35Ter, MAF = 0.01%), who weighed ~7 kg more than non-carriers. Pathway analyses based on the variants associated with BMI confirm enrichment of neuronal genes and provide new evidence for adipocyte and energy expenditure biology, widening the potential of genetically supported therapeutic targets in obesity.

DOI10.1038/s41588-017-0011-x
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29273807?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalNat. Genet.
Citation Key9526
PubMed ID29273807
Grant ListR01 DK093757 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
RG/13/13/30194 / / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
RG/08/014/24067 / / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
R01 DK072193 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
MR/L01632X/1 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_UU_12015/7 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MR/L01341X/1 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
G0601966 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_UU_12015/1 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_UU_12015/2 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
T32 HL007055 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States