Purpose in Life Among Centenarian Offspring.

TitlePurpose in Life Among Centenarian Offspring.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMarone, S, Bloore, K, Sebastiani, P, Flynn, C, Leonard, B, Whitaker, K, Mostowy, M, Perls, TT, Andersen, SL
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences
ISSN Number1758-5368
KeywordsAdult children, Logistic Regression, Mortality, Multigenerational, Parents, Purpose in life

Objectives: Purpose in life (PIL), a feeling of meaning and direction in life, is associated with favorable health outcomes including lower mortality and reduced risk of disease, disability, and cognitive impairment. Since centenarian offspring have been shown to have long health spans we sought to examine whether they have higher PIL than individuals without familial longevity.

Method: We compared PIL scores from the Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being in centenarian offspring from the New England Centenarian Study (N=361, mean age=82.0 years) with three referent groups: spouses, birth cohort-matched referents, and Health and Retirement Study (HRS) participants.

Results: Logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, education, and marital status indicated greater odds of high PIL among centenarian offspring compared with spouse (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.92, 95% CI 1.002-3.68, p=.049) and birth cohort referents (aOR 2.64, 95% CI 1.36-5.14, p=.004). Offspring had an almost three times greater odds of having high PIL than HRS participants (OR 2.93, 95% CI 2.17-3.96, p<0.0001).

Discussion: Higher PIL is associated with being an offspring of a long-lived parent and may play a role in the ability to delay age-associated illnesses and functional decline. Increasing purposefulness may be a target for interventions to promote healthy aging.

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Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Citation Key9551
PubMed ID29522128
PubMed Central IDPMC7179803
Grant ListT32 GM074905 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
T35 AG038027 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U19 AG023122 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States