|Title||Impact of In-Hospital Death on Spending for Bereaved Spouses.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Ornstein, KA, Garrido, MM, Siu, AL, Bollens-Lund, E, Langa, KM, Kelley, AS|
|Journal||Health Services Research|
|Keywords||Bereavement, End of life decisions, Medicare linkage, Medicare/Medicaid/Health Insurance|
OBJECTIVE: To examine how patients' location of death relates to health care utilization and spending for surviving spouses.
DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2000-2012 linked to the Dartmouth Atlas and Medicare claims data.
STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study. We matched bereaved spouses whose spouses died in a hospital to those whose spouses died outside the hospital using propensity scores based on decedent and spouse demographic and clinical characteristics, care preferences, and regional practice patterns.
DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: We identified 1,348 HRS decedents with surviving spouses. We linked HRS data from each dyad with Medicare claims and regional characteristics.
PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariable models, bereaved spouses of decedents who died in the hospital had $3,106 higher Medicare spending 12 months postdeath (p = .04) compared to those whose spouses died outside a hospital. Those surviving spouses were also significantly more likely to have an ED visit (OR = 1.5; p < .01) and hospital admission (OR = 1.4; p = .02) in the year after their spouse's in-hospital death. Increased Medicare spending for surviving spouses persisted through the 24-month period postdeath ($5,310; p = .02).
CONCLUSIONS: Bereaved spouses of decedents who died in the hospital had significantly greater Medicare spending and health care utilization themselves after their spouses' death.
|User Guide Notes|
|Alternate Journal||Health Serv Res|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6056590|