|Title||Health Insurance and Poverty in Trajectories of Out-of-Pocket Expenditure among Low-Income Middle-Aged Adults.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Kwon, E, Park, S, McBride, TD|
|Journal||Health Serv Res|
|Date Published||2018 12|
|Keywords||Female, Financing, Personal, Health Expenditures, Health Surveys, Humans, Insurance Coverage, Insurance, Health, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Medically Uninsured, Middle Aged, Poverty|
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of longitudinal patterns of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures among low-income late middle-aged adults.
DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Six waves (2002-2012) of the Health and Retirement Study, in combination with RAND Center for the Study of Aging data, were used.
STUDY DESIGN: A random coefficient regression analysis was conducted in a multilevel growth curve framework to estimate the impact of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures.
PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: At baseline, individuals with private insurance or unstable coverage were more likely to have out-of-pocket expenditures and financial burdens than public insurance holders. Over time, the poor who had no insurance, unstable coverage, or insurance type change had higher out-of-pocket expenditures; private coverage holders had higher odds of financial burden.
CONCLUSIONS: Unstable insurance coverage had a discernible effect on the long-term, out-of-pocket expenditures among low-income adults. Findings have an important policy implication to protect poor late middle-aged population; as this population enters old age, the high financial burden it faces may exacerbate persistent socioeconomic health disparity among older people with unstable insurance coverage.
|User Guide Notes|
|Alternate Journal||Health Serv Res|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6232446|
|Grant List||P30 DK092950 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States|