Encounters With Health-Care Providers and Advance Directive Completion by Older Adults

TitleEncounters With Health-Care Providers and Advance Directive Completion by Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKoss, CS
JournalJournal of Palliative Care
Date Published07/2018
ISSN Number0825-8597
KeywordsAdvance care planning, Advance directives, Health Care Outcomes, Policy

Background: The Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) requires hospitals, home health agencies, nursing homes, and hospice providers to offer new patients information about advance directives. There is little evidence regarding whether encounters with these health-care providers prompt advance directive completion by patients. Objective: To examine whether encounters with various types of health-care providers were associated with higher odds of completing advance directives by older patients. Method: Logistic regression using longitudinal data from the 2012 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Participants were 3752 US adults aged 65 and older who reported not possessing advance directives in 2012. Advance directive was defined as a living will and/or durable power of attorney for health care. Four binary variables measured whether participants had spent at least 1 night in a hospital, underwent outpatient surgery, received home health or hospice care, or spent at least one night in a nursing home between 2012 and 2014. Results: Older adults who received hospital, nursing home, or home health/hospice care were more likely to complete advance directives. Outpatient surgery was not associated with advance directive completion. Conclusions: Older adults with no advance directive in 2012 who encountered health-care providers covered by the PSDA were more likely to have advance directives by 2014. The exception was outpatient surgery which is frequently provided in freestanding surgery centers not subject to PSDA mandates. It may be time to consider amending the PSDA to cover freestanding surgery centers.

Short TitleJ Palliat Care
Citation Key9737