|Title||Disentangling the Stress Process: Race/Ethnic Differences in the Exposure and Appraisal of Chronic Stressors Among Older Adults.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Brown, LL, Mitchell, UA, Ailshire, JA|
|Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Date Published||2020 Feb 14|
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to stressors is differentially distributed by race/ethnicity with minority groups reporting a higher stress burden than their white counterparts. However, to really understand the extent to which some groups bear a disproportionate stress burden, we need to consider race/ethnic differences in stress appraisal, specifically how upsetting stressors may be, in addition to stress exposure. We examine racial/ethnic differences in both the number of reported chronic stressors across five domains (health, financial, residential, relationship, and caregiving) and their appraised stressfulness among a diverse sample of older adults.
METHOD: Data come from 6,567 adults ages 52+ from the 2006 Health and Retirement Study.
RESULTS: Results show older blacks, U.S. and foreign-born Hispanics report more chronic stress exposure than whites and are two to three times as likely to experience financial strain and housing-related stress. Socioeconomic factors fully explain the Hispanic-white difference in stress exposure, but black-white differences remain. Despite experiencing a greater number of stressors, blacks and U.S.-born Hispanics are less likely to be upset by exposure to stressors than whites. U.S.-born Hispanics are less upset by relationship-based stressors specifically, while blacks are less upset across all stress domains in fully-adjusted models. Foreign-born Hispanics are only less upset by caregiving strain.
DISCUSSION: The distinction between exposure and appraisal-based measures of stress may shed light on important pathways that differentially contribute to race/ethnic physical and mental health disparities.
|User Guide Notes|
|Alternate Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Grant List||R00 AG039528 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
T32 AG000037 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States