A Framework for Addressing Diabetes-Related Disparities in US Latino Populations

TitleA Framework for Addressing Diabetes-Related Disparities in US Latino Populations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMarquez, I, Calman, N, Crump, C
JournalJournal of Community Health
ISSN Number0094-5145
KeywordsDiabetes, Literature Review, Racial/ethnic differences

Despite national efforts to redress racial/ethnic disparities, Latino Americans continue to share a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of underlying causes and influencing factors is needed to guide future efforts to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes control. The objectives of this review are: (1) to summarize our understanding of determinants and modifiable predictors of glycemic control; (2) to provide an overview of existing strategies to reduce diabetes-related disparities; and (3) to identify gaps in the literature regarding whether these interventions effectively address disparities in US Latino populations. Key findings include evidence that diabetes care services can be designed to accommodate heterogeneity within the Latino American community by addressing key modifiable predictors of poor glycemic control, including insurance status, diabetes care utilization, patient self-management, language access, culturally appropriate care, and social support services. Future research efforts should evaluate the effect of structurally tailored interventions that address these key modifiable predictors by targeting patients, providers, and health care delivery systems.

Short TitleJ Community Health
Citation Key9839