|Title||Work Ability Trajectories and Retirement Pathways A Longitudinal Analysis of Older American Workers|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Boissonneault, M, de Beer, J|
|Journal||Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine|
|Keywords||Disabilities, Retirement, Retirement Age, Unemployment, Working Longer|
Objective: To determine whether older workers who follow different work ability (WA) trajectories tend to follow different retirement pathways. Methods: Nationally representative data on Americans born between 1943 and 1948. Latent class growth modeling to estimate trajectories of work ability between ages 53-54 and 65-66. Multinomial log-linear models to assess the association between WA trajectories and retirement pathways. Results: Three WA trajectories were identified: high (74%), declining (17%), and low (9%). Low WA leads more often to an early-gradual retirement. Declining WA leads to both early-gradual and early-crisp retirements. Conclusions: Workers with low and declining WA are more at risk of unemployment, disability, and inactivity prior to retirement; workers with declining WA are also likely to make a direct transition to early retirement. Future changes to social security should consider inter-individual variation over time in WA.