Exploring racial and ethnic differences in recovery maintenance from mobility limitation

TitleExploring racial and ethnic differences in recovery maintenance from mobility limitation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLatham-Mintus, K
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Start Page384-393
Type of ArticleJournal
ISSN Number0898-2643
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Disabilities, Racial/ethnic differences

Objective: This research examines whether racial and ethnic minorities experience less recovery maintenance (i.e., maintaining their recovery status 2 years later). Method: Using Waves 4-12 (1998-2014) of Health and Retirement Study (HRS), this research examines recovery maintenance among a group of older adults who have previously recovered from mobility limitation. Outcomes included newly acquired mobility limitation (reference), recovery maintenance, and death/attrition. Additional analyses examined whether recovery maintenance predicted disability onset. Results: Analyses used multinomial logistic regression to estimate the odds of recovery maintenance 2 years later. After adjusting for socioeconomic status, there were no significant differences in recovery maintenance among older White and minority adults. Recovery maintenance was a robust predictor of subsequent disability onset; there was suggestive evidence that the effect of recovery maintenance on disability onset varied by race. Discussion: This research provides evidence that the higher rates of recovery among minorities is a form of physical resilience.

Short TitleJ Aging Health
Citation Key9979
PubMed ID30698483