Facets of conscientiousness and longevity: Findings from the Health and Retirement Study.

TitleFacets of conscientiousness and longevity: Findings from the Health and Retirement Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsStephan, Y, Sutin, AR, Luchetti, M, Terracciano, A
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Date Published01/2019
ISSN Number1879-1360
KeywordsConscientiousness, Longevity, Mortality

Objectives: Conscientiousness is the strongest personality predictor of longevity. The present study examined which facets of conscientiousness are the most strongly related to mortality risk in a large longitudinal sample of middle-aged and older adults. Method: Seven-year mortality data were obtained from participants (total N > 11,000) from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, 2008–2014). Six facets of conscientiousness, demographic factors, disease burden, smoking and physical inactivity were assessed at baseline. Results: Controlling for demographic factors, every standard deviation higher order, traditionalism, virtue, and responsibility was related to an approximately 10% reduced risk of mortality; industriousness was associated with an almost 25% lower likelihood of mortality. Except for traditionalism, these associations were partially accounted by health and behavioral covariates. Self-control was not related to longevity. When all facets and the covariates were simultaneously included, only industriousness was significantly associated with mortality. Conclusions: The present study provides new evidence about the specific facets of conscientiousness that are related to longevity.

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Alternate JournalJ Psychosom Res
Citation Key9994
PubMed ID30654983
PubMed Central IDPMC6364319
Grant ListR01 AG053297 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States